a history of visual text art now available

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Publisher’s Note    8
Contents    9
Foreword    15
A New Beginning    18

1. Before 1900: Rock to Page    24
Rock Art
Charms, Amulets & Talismans
    Mythological Inventors of Scripts
        Keltic Europe
        Scandinavian Europe
        Southern Mexico
        Valley of Mexico
        Plains of North America
    Undeciphered Scripts
        Easter Island
        Ecuador through central Chile
        West Africa
             Ikom monoliths
             Nsibidi script
        Deer Teeth Signs
        Danube & Saraswati Script
        Danube Script
        Saraswati Scrip
Calligraphy: Exoteric & Esoteric
    Siddham Learning
    Tibetan Calligraphy
    Christian Illumination
    Islamic Calligraphy

2. 1900 — 1920s: Paper Becomes Canvas    72

Western Europe and New York City
    The Dawn (1789-1899)
    1900 — 1920s
        Germany, Christian Morgenstern
        Sweden, Hilma af Klint
        Paris, 2
        Paris, 3
        New York City & The Stieglitz Circle
Russian Avant-Garde    123
    Russian Dawn
    Russian Futurist Influences
    Kazimir Malevich
    Painters Freeing the Word
    Natalia Goncharova, reading “The Four Evangelists”

3. 1920s — 1950s: Before Concrete Poetry    170
Stieglitz Circle
Kenneth Patchen
Paul Reps
Concrete Art and Music
Madiha Omar, First Arab Word Painter
New York Ambience: 1930s — early 1950s
Art Informel
New Mexico
Samples of Visual Text Art from Post WW1 into the 1950s
Mathematical Painted Art, Visual Poems & Anticipators
Visual Music Scores

Correspondence between Koppány and kempton................216

4. 1950s to Present: Fission and Fusion    252
Concrete Poetry
Visual Poetry
Treated Text
Art / Mail Art
Asemic Writing
Lettrisme / Lettrism
Word Painters
    Art Informel and Michel Tapié
    Charles Hossein Zenderoudi
    Nja Mahdaoui
    Hassan Massoudy
    Rachid Koraichi
    Firyal Al-Adhamy
    Aram Chaled Res
    Bin Qulander
Iconographic Painting
    San Ildefonso
    The Kiowa Six
    Santa Fe Transcendental Group
    Pueblo Studio Style
    Abstract Symbolism

5. Among thee Seers    333
Among the Greeks
    Greek Fire: Prometheus and Chiron
    Links In The Golden Chain
    The Dusk of Hellena
    Hellena Sacred Visual Text
Esoteric Hebraic and Christian Calligraphy
Among the Sufis
    Suhrawardī’ and the School of Illumination
    Ibn ‘Arabī, 1
    Mullā Sadrā
    Ibn ‘Arabī’, 2
    The Science Of Letters
A New Alphabet
Navajo Prayer — Beauty Way

 Appendices    437
Appendix 1: 1905 — 1920 Abridged Timeline
Appendix 2: Visual text art samples of early modern visual poems, painted word/symbol, iconographic, mathematical art and visual music scores, etc.
Appendix 3: Visual Text Art, Visual & Concrete Poetry
Appendix 4: Abridged list of Visual Poets and Mail Artists published in Kaldron and or Exhibited in Visualogs
Appendix 5: Word Painters
Appendix 6: Iconographic Paintings / Abstract Symbol Paintings
Appendix 7: Aum / Om
Appendix 8: Rishi, Yogi, Taoist & Buddhist Ch’an & Zen, Sufi, and Christian Realized and Mystic    Poets
Appendix 9: Spiritual Typology
Appendix 10 by Dona Mayoora
 Abridged Bibliography Contents    524
Acknowledgements.........................    554
  1. About the author.........................    566
Appendix 1

1905-1919 Abridged Timeline:

Russian-Japanese War
Russian revolution
Diaghilev’s “World of Art” exhibition, St. Petersburg
Stieglitz’s 291 Gallery (1905-1917)
Albert Einstein, E = MC2

Hilma af Klint, The Paintings for the Temple (1906-1908, part one)
Christian Morgenstern, Galgenlieder
Utopian community, L’L’Abbaye de Créteil (1906-1908)
Barzun, Simultanisme / Simultaneisme / Simultaneite / Simultaneism
Marinetti learns of Simultaneism from Barzun

Velimir Khlebnikov, first work with “futurist”
elements — neologisms — published in Russia, Iskusenie gresnika
Mikhail Jules Romains, Unanimism

Der Blaue Reiter, founded by Kandinsky
F. T. Marinetti publishes “Futurist Manifesto”
Braque paints symbols and letters on canvas
Vladimir Tatlin, “Vendor of Sailors’ Contracts”, with letters on canvas
Stieglitz’s Camera Work (1903 - 1917) expands images to Modern Art
Soyuz Molodyozhi (Union Of Youth (St. Petersburg 1910 - 1914)
Knave of Diamonds (1910-1917)
Odessa Second Salon
David Burliuk and brothers form Hylaea
Blaue Reiter exhibitions
Larionov, “Soldiers” (first version) &
“Soldiers” (second version includes dialogue texts in painting)
Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova, Neo-Primitivism
Natalia Goncharova, “The Evangelists”

1910 - 1912
Cubists and Futurists add text to paintings

Wassily Kandinsky, Concerning the Spiritual in Art,
Donkey’s Tail group split from Knave of Diamonds,
Larionov and Goncharova develop Rayonism (blend of Orphism, Cubism, Futurism, Fauvism, rooted into Russian folk, peasant and ikon arts)
Der Blaue Reiter Exhibition (Munich)

Barzun’s magazine, Poème et Drame (1912 - 1914)
Guillaume Apollinaire’s magazine, Les Soirées de Paris (1912 - 1914)
Khlebnivov: Russian Cubo-Futurism Manifesto,
“A Slap in the Face of Public Taste”
Der Blaue Reiter Exhibition (1912-1914, 11 European city tour)
Vicente Huidobro, “Triángulo Armónico” (first calligramme?)
Alexi Kruchenykh and V. Khlebnikov, Igra v Adu (A Game in Hell)
David Burliuk, Alexei Kruchenykh, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Velimir
Velimir Khlebnikov’s calligramme, “so”

Les Peintres Futuristes, Paris
F. T. Marinetti, “Zang Tumb Tumb”: Adrianopoli, Ottobre 1912
Marius de Zayas adds mathematical formulas
to “psychotype”/ideogram cubist portraits
Apollinaire, Pure Painting
Apollinaire, Simultaneism becomes Orphism; both terms
usurped from Barzun
Wassily Kandinsky, Klange
Natalia Goncharova, “The Cyclist” (1912-1913)
Hilma af Klint, The Paintings for the Temple (1912-1915, part two)

Alexi E. Kruchenykh, Zaum Manifesto: “Declaration of the Word As Such
and first Zaum poem, “DYR BUK SCHYL”
Kruchenykh, “Poluzhiboi”
Vasilisk Gnedov’s Death of Art (with famous “poem of the end”)
Rayonist Exhibition and book, Donkey's Tail and Target
with “Manifesto of Rayonists”
Sonia Delaunay and Blaise Cendars,
La prose du Transsibérien et de la Petite Jehanne de France
Henri-Martin Barzun, L’Orphéide ou L’Universel Poème (1913-1927)
Stravinsky with Diaghilev’s Ballet Russe, Rite of Spring
Armory Show
Marinetti’s “Destruction of Syntax -Imagination Without Strings -
Words-In-Freedom” (1913-1915)
Guillaume Apollinaire, “Futurist Anti-tradition: Manifesto= Synthesis” (a critique of Futurism, ideogram format — his first ideogram?)
Russian futurist opera, Victory over the Sun, St. Petersburg
Carlo Carrà, “Parole in Libertà”
Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis, Vorticism
Francis Picabia’s first “Machine Drawings”
Natalia Goncharova retrospective exhibition (Moscow)

Natalia Goncharova retrospective exhibition St. Petersburg)
Vasily Kamensky, Tango With Crows: Ferro-Concrete Poems
Carlo Carrà, “The Chase,” “Still Life with Soda Syphon,” “Umbrella of the Sun,” “Noises of the Night Café,” and “Interventionist Manifesto”
Apollinaire, ideogram/calligramme, “lettre-ocean Les Soirées de Paris”
Marius de Zayas psychotype, “Portrait of Guillaume
Apollinaire” in Les Soirées de Paris
Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis, Blast
Gallimard edition of Mallarmé’s Un coup de dés
Marius de Zayas, psychotypes in Camera Work
Kruchenykh, 3 editions of VZORVAL
F. T. Marinetti publishes complete book Zang Tumb Tumb.
Luciano Folgore publishes Ponti sull’Oceano

Apollinaire ideograms in Les Soirées de Paris
291 Magazine (1915 -1916)
Carlo Carrà, “Guerrapittura,” “The Pursuit,” “Composizione con Figura Femminile,” “Il Fiasco,” “Fiasco e Bicciere,” “La Composizione TA
Ardengo Soffici,” “BIF§ZF + 18.”“Simultaneità e Chimismi Lirici”
Fortunato Depero, “Numerical Warlike Landscape”
Aleksei Kruchenykh with Olga Rozanova, Zaumnaya Gniga (with 2 poems by Alyagrov) and Voyna (War)
Ezra Pound, Cathay
Kazimir Malevich announces Suprematism
Russian Suprematism / Supremus exhibition, 0.10
Carl Jung begins Red Book
291 Magazine: Marius de Zayas and Agnes Meyer collaborate, publish first American visual poem, “Mental Reactions” Apollinaire ideogram, “lettre-ocean” Marius de Zayas’ psychotypes Francis Picabia’s drawings/ideograms collaboration Marius de Zayas’ ideogram “Femme!” (“Elle”) and Francis Picabia, “Voilà Elle” collaboration Marius de Zayas, Katherine N. Rhoades, and Agnes Meyer J.B. Kerfoot ideogram, “A Bunch of Keys” (first American visual poem by an individual?)

Hugo Ball, Marcel Janco, Richard Huelsenbek, Tristan Tzara, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, and Jean Arp found Cabaret Voltaire, Cabaret Voltaire magazine
Josep Maria Junoy, “Art Poetica”
Hugo Ball, “Dada Manifesto, “ Dada poem, “Karawane”
Marius de Zayas’ psychotypes in 291
e. e. cummings, first use of visual elements
Aleksei Kruchenykh, Vselenskaya voina (Universal
Carlo Carrà leaves futurists, creates Metafisica with Giorgio de Chirico
Francesco Cangiullo, “Piedigrotta”
Hilma af Klint, The Paintings for the Temple (1916 -1944, part three)
Arab revolt against Ottoman Empire

Barcelona, 391 magazine (1917-1914)
David Burliuk, “Portrait of the Poet”
Futurist Vassili Kamenski ballet Parade
El Lissitzky, Sihas hulin: Eyne fun di geshikhten (An Everyday Conversation: A Story)
Moses Broderson, Tale
Theo van Doesburg, De Stijl
Poland, Formism
Spain, Vibrationism
October Revolution

Apollinaire and Olga Rozanova die
Varvara Stepanova, “Gaust Chaba” and “Zigra Ar”
Germany, Novembergruppe
Spain, Ultraism
WWI ends
Ottoman Empire partitioned

Apollinaire’s Calligrammes published
Blaise Cendrars and Fernand Léger, La Fin du Monde, Filmée par l'Ange N.-D. (The End of the World, Filmed by the Angel N.-D.)
F.T. Marinetti, Les mots en liberté futurists
Francesco Cangiullo, Caffè Concerto - Alfabeto a Sorpresa
Adon Lacroix, a pure concrete poem, “Etymons”
Malevich exhibition, “white on white”
Bauhaus founded
Art et action (1919-1927)
Kazimir Malevich creates Unovis group
Spain, Ultraists (1919-1923)
magazines: Grecia (1919–20) and Ultra (1921–22)
El Lissitzky, “Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge”
Ernest Fenollosa and Ezra Pound,
The Chinese Written Character as a Medium for Poetry


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